[學英語] 這樣的中國學生在哈佛畢業典禮上演講

來源:搜狐教育 2016-06-15 08:05:00

5月26號,中國留學生何江作為優秀學生代表在哈佛大學畢業典禮上發表演講。何江是來自湖南的85後小夥,他是首位在哈佛畢業典禮上演講的大陸學子。

哈佛大學每年從全校數萬名畢業生中各選出一名本科生和一名研究生,代表畢業生發言;因此畢業典禮上的演講被視作哈佛大學給予學生的最高榮譽。

在當天的演講中,生物係博士何江講述了自己中學時代被毒蜘蛛咬傷的故事……

他當然沒有從此變身蜘蛛俠,但是切膚之痛和後來的求學之路讓他逐漸認識到科研的意義和研究者的責任。

Myexperiencehereremindsmehowimportantitisforresearcherstocommunicateourknowledgetothosewhoneedit.

作為一名科學家,將我們的知識傳遞給那些急需這些知識的人(比如我的母親)是多麽地重要。

完整視頻和文稿奉上:

演講文稿

TheSpider'sBite

WhenIwasinmiddleschool,apoisonousspiderbitmyrighthand.Irantomymomforhelp—butinsteadoftakingmetoadoctor,mymomsetmyhandonfire.

Afterwrappingmyhandwithseverallayersofcotton,thensoakingitinwine,sheputachopstickintomymouth,andignitedthecotton.Heatquicklypenetratedthecottonandbegantoroastmyhand.Thesearingpainmademewanttoscream,butthechopstickpreventedit.AllIcoulddowaswatchmyhandburn-oneminute,thentwominutes–untilmomputoutthefire.

Yousee,thepartofChinaIgrewupinwasaruralvillage,andatthattimepre-industrial.WhenIwasborn,myvillagehadnocars,notelephones,noelectricity,notevenrunningwater.Andwecertainlydidn’thaveaccesstomodernmedicalresources.Therewasnodoctormymothercouldbringmetoseeaboutmyspiderbite.

Forthosewhostudybiology,youmayhavegraspedthesciencebehindmymom’scure:heatdeactivatesproteins,andaspider'svenomissimplyaformofprotein.It'scoolhowthatfolkremedyactuallyincorporatesbasicbiochemistry,isn'tit?ButIamaPhDstudentinbiochemistryatHarvard,Inowknowthatbetter,lesspainfulandlessriskytreatmentsexisted.SoIcan’thelpbutaskmyself,whyIdidn'treceiveoneatthetime?

Fifteenyearshavepassedsincethatincident.Iamhappytoreportthatmyhandisfine.Butthisquestionlingers,andIcontinuetobetroubledbytheunequaldistributionofscientificknowledgethroughouttheworld.Wehavelearnedtoeditthehumangenomeandunlockmanysecretsofhowcancerprogresses.Wecanmanipulateneuronalactivityliterallywiththeswitchofalight.Eachyearbringsmoreadvancesinbiomedicalresearch-exciting,transformativeaccomplishments.Yet,despitetheknowledgewehaveamassed,wehaven'tbeensosuccessfulindeployingittowhereit'sneededmost.AccordingtotheWorldBank,twelvepercentoftheworld'spopulationlivesonlessthan$2aday.Malnutritionkillsmorethan3millionchildrenannually.Threehundredmillionpeopleareafflictedbymalariaglobally.Allovertheworld,weconstantlyseetheseproblemsofpoverty,illness,andlackofresourcesimpedingtheflowofscientificinformation.Lifesavingknowledgewetakeforgrantedinthemodernworldisoftenunavailableintheseunderdevelopedregions.Andinfartoomanyplaces,peoplearestillessentiallytryingtocureaspiderbitewithfire.

WhilestudyingatHarvard,Isawhowscientificknowledgecanhelpothersinsimple,yetprofoundways.Thebirdflupandemicinthe2000slookedtomyvillagelikeaspellcastbydemons.Ourfolkmedicinedidn'tevenhavehalf-measurestooffer.What'smore,farmersdidn'tknowthedifferencebetweencommoncoldandflu;theydidn'tunderstandthatthefluwasmuchmorelethalthanthecommoncold.Mostpeoplewerealsounawarethattheviruscouldtransmitacrossdifferentspecies.

SowhenIrealizedthatsimplehygienepracticeslikeseparatingdifferentanimalspeciescouldcontainthespreadofthedisease,andthatIcouldhelpmakethisknowledgeavailabletomyvillage,thatwasmyfirst“Aha”momentasabuddingscientist.Butitwasmorethanthat:itwasalsoavitalinflectionpointinmyownethicaldevelopment,myownself-understandingasamemberoftheglobalcommunity.

Harvarddaresustodreambig,toaspiretochangetheworld.HereonthisCommencementDay,weareprobablythinkingofgranddestinationsandbigadventuresthatawaitus.Asforme,Iamalsothinkingofthefarmersinmyvillage.Myexperiencehereremindsmehowimportantitisforresearcherstocommunicateourknowledgetothosewhoneedit.Becausebyusingthesciencewealreadyhave,wecouldprobablybringmyvillageandthousandslikeitintotheworldyouandItakeforgrantedeveryday.Andthat’sanimpacteveryoneofuscanmake!

Butthequestionis,willwemaketheeffortornot?

Morethaneverbefore,oursocietyemphasizesscienceandinnovation.Butanequallyimportantemphasisshouldbeondistributingtheknowledgewehavetowhereit'sneeded.Changingtheworlddoesn’tmeanthateveryonehastofindthenextbigthing.Itcanbeassimpleasbecomingbettercommunicators,andfindingmorecreativewaystopassontheknowledgewehavetopeoplelikemymomandthefarmersintheirlocalcommunity.Oursocietyalsoneedstorecognizethattheequaldistributionofknowledgeisapivotalstepofhumandevelopment,andworktobringthisintoreality.

Andifwedothat,thenperhapsateenagerinruralChinawhoisbittenbyaspiderwillnothavetoburnhishand,butwillknowtoseekadoctorinstead.

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